A List Of Ear, Nose And Throat Diseases That Affect Children

Ear, nose and throat diseases are very common. Children tend to catch these diseases at a young age as they grow up because their immune system grows stronger as they are more exposed to the common infections.

The major types of diseases that require assistance from an trusted ENT surgeon are:

  • Blocked nasal cavity and nose
  • Pain in the ear
  • Discharge from the ear
  • Slight swelling behind the ear
  • Exposure to foreign bodies
  • Sore throat
    Here is a look at a few of the diseases:
    Acute ear infection
    The ear passage gets infected whenever the throat or the nose is infected. The same microorganisms that are responsible for the infection in the nose and throat are responsible for the infection in the ear. The main bacteria are Haemophilus influenza and Streptococcus pneumonia. Many children are feverish, feel pain and may have to deal with a discharge from the ears. If the infection becomes worse it can lead to an infection on the mastoid bone, meningitis, deafness and problems of development and learning. In certain cases the appearance of the ear might change which means that otoplasty might be needed to correct this.
    Sore throat
    Sore throat occurs by a infection called streptococcal which might lead to rheumatic heart disease and fever. The main causes are infections caused by viruses, bacteria and diphtheria. The glands along the neck might be swollen which is caused by the bacteria. The tonsils are swollen and red in colour and the membranes with mucus swells too. Another symptom is that the child will have fever.
    Nasal issues that needs nasal obstruction surgery
    Rhinorrhoea is the term for when a discharge is produced from the nose. It is produced from the mucus membranes of the nose and is yellowish green in colour if caused by bacteria. An allergy or infection that inflames the nose passage is termed rhinitis. The systems of rhinitis usually deals with a low fever, discharge with a blockage of the nose, headaches and muscle pants, itchy throat, and maybe a infection in the middle ear.
    Sinusitis
    The infection caused by sinuses is termed as sinusitis. The symptoms of it consist of a cold, nasal discharge, blocked nasal passage, headache, cough, and a heavy head. The signs include fever, inflammation of the mucus membrane along the nose, yellow discharge, and palpitation above the eyes. An ENT specialist will be able to diagnose the symptoms and signs quickly when they are told upon consultation. Children will tend to get small infections as they grow up as they are still growing and tend to play around out in the open and are open to more bacteria and viruses that are air borne. A parent should only worry if the infection leads to a deadly condition.